Location : Southern part of the island of Mindanao
Boundaries : It is within the northeastern part of South Cotabato Province, lying in the latitude between 6o 24’ to 6o 34’ north and longitude 124o 47’ to 124o 58’ east. The city is bounded in the northwest by the Municipality of Tantangan, South Cotabato and the Municipality of Lutayan, Sultan Kudarat in the northeast; on the southwest, by the Municipality of Banga, South Cotabato and on the southeast, by the Municipalities of Tupi and Tampakan, South Cotabato.
Topography : Koronadal has several distinct physiographic features. The mountain ranges of Roxas and Quezon surround the city with their peaks reaching as high as 700-800 meters above sea level and gradually dropping towards the center of the city. In general, Koronadal has a level to gently sloping terrain, or 50.18% of the total land area is predominantly flat.
Climate : The climatic condition of the City of Koronadal is mild and sub-tropical which belongs to the fourth type of climate. The place is typhoon free. Rainy months are from June to October. Based on the climatic data of Philippine Atmospheric, Geophysical and Astronomical Services Administration (PAGASA), the highest rainfall is 244.20 mm in September 2005, and the lowest rainfall is 7.40 mm in February 2005. The relative humidity of the locality generally varies depending on the rainfall pattern. The highest relative humidity of 84% falls in August 2007. The month of April in 2007 has the lowest relative humidity at 71%. Maximum temperature was observed at 39oC in April 2007, while the coolest was observed at 20.80oC in November 2008, February 2009 and December 2009. Data on four weather parameters rainfall amount, relative humidity, maximum temperature and minimum temperature for five years from 2005 to 2009 are based on the records of PAGASA at General Santos City Station.
Dialect : Hiligaynon is the most spoken dialect. The next dominant dialects are Cebuano and Ilocano.
Religion : Roman Catholic is the dominant religion in the city, followed by the Protestant and Iglesia ni Cristo.